A recent survey of the mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) fauna and seasonal human biting activity in the city of Chisinau, Moldova

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2013
Authors:Sulesco, T, Toderas, L, Toderas, I
Journal:Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association
Issue:31
Pagination:1-7
Date Published:01/2013
Keywords:anthropophilic mosquitoes, Chisinau, Culicidae, recreational areas, seasonal activity
Abstract:

<p>This is the first report on species composition and seasonal human biting activity of mosquitoes in the city of Chisinau, Moldova. In total 3,255 adult mosquitoes were collected in eight recreational areas. Sampling occurred by means of two methods:&nbsp;human landing collection and net-catches from vegetation. Altogether, 22 mosquito species in nine genera were found,&nbsp;representing 55% of the species diversity in Moldova. Seventeen anthropophilic species with different seasonal patterns of biting activity were found in human landing collections. The most frequently captured species was Aedimorphus vexans (N = 1,514; 46.5%)&nbsp;followed by Ochlerotatus annulipes (N = 403; 12.4%), Dahliana geniculata (N = 330; 10.1%), Culex modestus (N = 312; 9.6%), Coquillettidia&nbsp;richiardii (N = 144; 4.4%) and Oc. riparius (N = 117; 3.6%). Eight of the species are the known vectors of West Nile virus in Europe;&nbsp;four of them are the natural vectors of Dirofilaria. <strong>Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association 31: 1-7, 2013</strong></p>

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