Rediscovery of Anopheles algeriensis Theob. (Diptera: Culicidae) in Germany after half a century

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2013
Authors:Krüger, A, Tannich, E
Journal:Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association
Issue:31
Pagination:14-16
Date Published:01/2013
Keywords:Anopheles algeriensis, Culicidae, Germany
Abstract:

<p>Anopheles algeriensis, a mosquito species primarily found in the Mediterranean region and susceptible to Plasmodium spp., is one of seven Anopheles species previously reported from Germany. However, the last record dates back to 1958. Whether it was&nbsp;really absent since then or whether this is just a sign of neglected mosquito studies over several decades is unclear. The present&nbsp;study is part of a nationwide mosquito mapping project launched in 2011. We describe larval dip collections of An. algeriensis in&nbsp;2013 from the inland salt meadow &ldquo;Brenner Moor&rdquo;, located in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, which represents the most&nbsp;northerly of all German An. algeriensis collection sites known so far. Despite several mosquito mapping projects carried out in&nbsp;Germany over recent years, An. algeriensis has not been detected within the last 55 years. Therefore this species appears to be&nbsp;extremely rare or at least rurally localised. Hence, it remains a very low risk vector in terms of autochthonous malaria&nbsp;transmission in Germany. <strong>Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association 31: 14-16, 2013</strong></p>

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